Reflections on Secretarial Work and Issues for Further Studies

This article looks at many issues related to secretarial work. The purpose of this article is to generate thinking and ask more questions to encourage further investigation in this field of business and corporate sectors. The focus of this article is on the secretarial sciences profession to reflect the work of contemporary secretaries and raise questions about professional work among academics and other universities all around the world. The secretarial sciences profession has a number of special features. First, it is gender. Second, secretarial work combines technical skills with essential interpersonal skills. Third, secretarial work has faced many difficulties and pressures. Organizational, individual, or social pressures affect their personal and professional identities. This group of employees deserves to be studied because they play a very important role in the organization in all sectors and their jobs are unknown to most people, at least not because of their various roles and skills.

For Real This Time, What Is NLP? [2020 Update]

Technology is an important topic raised in this study. One of the characteristics of modern economic growth is an important role in technological change. A large number of studies have highlighted the changes caused by technological developments and their impact on companies and society. Some are very concerned about the division of labor between men and women, working hours, types and intensity of work, and how these experiences fit into the lives of others. New technology has changed many professions in recent years, and the secretarial profession is one of them. His historical duties, roles, qualifications, autonomy, and job design should be discussed in organizations, public and academic arenas. The review of the study highlights issues surrounding the content and context of secretarial work and that may require further analysis. This article will mainly feature secretarial work as an important profession to be studied, starting with the background and issues determining what a secretary is. Then he drew attention to issues related to technology and business design. Along with the topic of technology, there are questions about gender and gender discrimination.

Despite the prejudice by academics or the general public that secretarial sciences’ jobs could be fired due to technological advances, there are still secretaries in companies today. In a contemporary non-academic book discussing secretaries and personal assistants (PAs), France (2009) presents a picture of a ‘secretary’ and discusses the future of secretarial roles as he says:

Technological advances are changing the role of the secretary, but it’s still as important as ever In more traditional day-to-day management roles and KA-type roles or office managers, project managers, event managers, etc. As always a secretary is needed. Today’s secretary is expected to have a variety of roles and also be highly skilled. They usually have a university degree and can speak more than one language. They often have the most important problem-solving skills and are the first to know exactly what’s going on in the company, either because they work for superiors and access confidential information, or because they ‘keep listening’ and know what’s going on inside. Visit if you would like to read more articles like this. …

Life in community

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“Every moment there seemed alive in a way that few have since. This had to do with being asked to be fully awake, to be at a new threshold of perception, whether in class, in the work program, in our own work, or in the life of the community…It let us perceive how much we, each of us, had meaning in the process of the life of the community. That was our education.”– Black Mountain College Student

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Fully Awake (2007)

Hidden in the mountains of Western North Carolina, Black Mountain College (1933–1957) was an influential experiment in education that inspired and shaped twentieth century American art. Created as an experiment of “education in a democracy,” the central idea was that the creative arts and practical responsibilities are equal in importance to the development of the intellect. The emphasis was that learning and living are intimately connected.

FULLY AWAKE (2007)is the only feature-length documentary film exploring the college’s progressive pedagogy and radical approach to arts education. Highly democratic and faculty-owned, the school promoted educational of the whole person: head, heart, and hand. Practical responsibilities and the creative arts were viewed as equally important components to intellectual development. During WWII, Black Mountain College was a haven for refugee European artists such as Josef and Anni Albers who arrived from the Bauhaus in Germany. In the socially conservative 1940s and 50s, the college also became a refuge for the American avant–garde, (Franz Kline, John Cage, Buckminster Fuller, Merce Cunningham, Robert Creeley, Jacob Lawrence, Willem de Kooning, Robert Rauschenberg, and M.C. Richards).FULLY AWAKE explores how the confluence of this diverse community came together to create a unique educational model.

Coming Spring 2014

FULLY AWAKE…further is a re-envisioned documentary film based on FULLY AWAKE (2007) that takes our original feature film further. Much has changed in the decade since the film was researched and created: freshly available archival source material including photography, primary audio interviews with key figures at the school, and dynamic new interviews, along with new technologies, compel us to re-imagine the film.


We will have the opportunity to share our deeper study of Black Mountain College with a wider audience. Our educational distributor, Documentary Educational Resources is fiscal sponsor for your tax-deductible donation.


  1. Acquire new source photos and interviews
  2. Create compelling motion graphics
  3. Re-edit film
  4. Add a fresh, evocative score
  5. Professional audio and color correction
  6. Digitize over 100 hours of complete interviews from both projects for permanent public use at the NC State Archive

We hope you will become a part of funding FULLY AWAKE…further, and help us re-envision a film worthy of Black Mountain College and its legacy.

Share this project with your community!